Attractions
The Island of Capri
Capri

Capri’s fabled beauty and refined hedonism has charmed them all, from Roman rulers and Russian revolutionaries to Hollywood legends. It’s the perfect microcosm of Mediterranean appeal, a fusion of glittering grottoes and coves, Roman ruins and chichi piazzas.

Already inhabited in the Palaeolithic period, the island was briefly occupied by the Greeks before Emperor Augustus made it his private playground and Tiberius retired here in AD 27. Its modern incarnation as a tourist centre dates from the early 20th century.

Explore beyond the designer boutiques and cafes and you’ll find that Capri retains an unspoilt charm, with grand villas, overgrown vegetable plots, sun-bleached, peeling stucco and banks of brilliantly coloured bougainvillea.

Links

The Lonely Planet, Capri – Top Things to do in Capri

The City of Naples
Naples, Italy

Naples (Italian: Napoli), meaning “new city”, is the capital of the Italian region Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan. Naples is the 9th-most populous urban area in the European Union with a population of between 3 million and 3.7 million.

Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Bronze Age Greek settlements were established in the Naples area in the second millennium BC.

In recent decades, Naples has constructed a large business district, the Centro Direzionale, and has developed an advanced transport infrastructure, including an Alta Velocità high-speed rail link to Rome and Salerno

Naples’ historic city centre is the largest in Europe, covering 1,700 hectares (4,200 acres) and enclosing 27 centuries of history, and is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. In its geographical area are located numerous culturally and historically significant sites, including the Palace of Caserta and the Roman ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Naples is also known for its natural beauties (Posillipo, Phlegraean Fields, Nisida, Vesuvius, etc.).

Culinarily, Naples is synonymous with pizza, which originated in the city. 

Links

The Lonely Planet – Naples

Mount Vesuvius
Mount Vesuvius

Mount Vesuvius (Italian: Monte Vesuvio) is a somma-stratovolcano located on the Gulf of Naples in Campania, Italy, about 9 km (5.6 mi) east of Naples and a short distance from the shore. It is one of several volcanoes which form the Campanian volcanic arc. Vesuvius consists of a large cone partially encircled by the steep rim of a summit caldera caused by the collapse of an earlier and originally much higher structure.

Mount Vesuvius is best known for its eruption in AD 79 that led to the burying and destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, as well as several other settlements. More than 1,000 people died in the eruption, but exact numbers are unknown. The only surviving eyewitness account of the event consists of two letters by Pliny the Younger to the historian Tacitus.

Vesuvius has erupted many times since and is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years. Today, it is regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world because of the population of 3,000,000 people living nearby and its tendency towards violent, explosive eruptions of the Plinian type, making it the most densely populated volcanic region in the world.

Links

The Rome Toolkit – Visiting Mount Vesuvius

The Buried City of Herculaneum
Herculaneum city
** Location of the Gala Dinner! **

Located in the shadow of Mount Vesuvius, Herculaneum (Italian: Ercolano) was an ancient Roman town destroyed by volcanic pyroclastic flows in 79 AD. Its ruins are located in the comune of Ercolano, Campania, Italy.

As a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is famous as one of the few ancient cities that can now be seen in much of its original splendour, as well as for having been lost, along with Pompeii, Stabiae, Oplontis and Boscoreale, in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79 that buried it. Unlike Pompeii, the deep pyroclastic material which covered it preserved wooden and other organic-based objects such as roofs, beds, doors, food and even some 300 skeletons which were discovered in recent years along the seashore. It had been thought until then that the town had been evacuated by the inhabitants.

Links
Pompeii
Pompeii

Pompeii was an ancient Roman town-city near modern Naples, in the Campania region of Italy. Pompeii, along with Herculaneum and many villas in the surrounding area, was mostly destroyed and buried under 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) of volcanic ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79. At the time of its destruction, its population was estimated at 11,000 people, and the city had a complex water system, an amphitheatre, a gymnasium, and a port.

The eruption destroyed the city, killing its inhabitants and burying it under tons of ash. The site was lost for about 1,500 years until its initial rediscovery in 1599 and broader rediscovery almost 150 years later by Spanish engineer Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre in 1748. The objects that lay beneath the city have been preserved for more than a millennium because of the long lack of air and moisture.

Pompeii has been a tourist destination for over 250 years. Today it has UNESCO World Heritage Site status and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Italy, with approximately 2.5 million visitors every year.

Links

National Geographic – Pompeii

Sources

Capri
Photo: Des and Jen – http://www.desjen.com/capri/
Text:  Modified fromThe Lonely Planet. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/italy/campania/capri
Naples
Photo: The Lonely Planet, Naples. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/italy/campania/naples
Text: Modified from Wikipedia article. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naples
Mount Vesuvius
Photo: Thousand Wonders, Mount Vesuvius. Photo by David Mills. https://www.thousandwonders.net/Mount+Vesuvius.
Text: Modified from the Wikipedia article. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Vesuvius
Herculaneum
Photo and Text: Wikipedia article. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herculaneum
Pompeii
Photo: Get your Guide – https://www.getyourguide.com/naples-l162/pompeii-priority-entrance-ticket-t69330/?referrer_view_id=2e9a401e03817823118094277b61adbf&referrer_view_position=0
Text: Modified from Wikipedia article. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pompeii